If I say that the colors that will be painted on the exterior wall of the house that we will build in the future, will act as solar panels. Would you believe that the bricks of those houses would act as one battery at a time? It sounds unreal, but we are not too far from that unreal world. And all this is going to be due to nanotechnology. Today we will learn what is nanotechnology and how it can change our future so we will discuss it here.
The term “nano” comes from ancient Greek words “Nanos” and means “dwarf”. A nanometer is therefore equal to a billionth of a meter i.e. 0.0000000001 m. A single atom is about 0.1 nm in size. Nano- (symbol n) is a unit prefix meaning “one billionth”. Used primarily with the metric system, this prefix denotes a factor of 10-9( or 0.000000001). Nanotechnology is the most effective thinking which is to do what we need.
What is the meaning of nano technology?
Nanotechnology is science, engineering, and technology conducted at the nanoscale, which is about 1 to 100 nanometers. Physicist Richard Feynman, the father of nanotechnology.
What is nano technology used for?
Nanotechnology is helping to considerably improve, even revolutionize, many technology and industries sectors: Information and technology, homeland security, medicine, transportation, energy, food safety, and environmental science, among many others.
How does nano technology work?
Nanotechnology is the understanding and control of matter at the nanometer scale, where unique phenomena enable the novel application. Encompassing nanoscale science, engineering, and technology, nanotechnology involve imaging, measuring, modeling, and manipulating matter at this length scale.
Why Nano technology is important for US?
Why is nanotechnology important? Nanotechnology improves existing industrial processes, materials and applications, by scaling them down to the nanoscale in order to ultimately fully exploit the unique quantum and surface phenomena that matter exhibits at the nanoscale.
How to change Our future world With Nano Technology:
The world is the same as before but it seems to us that it is getting smaller day by day. Outside of this world, there is a world of small and deep arcs that cannot be seen by ordinary people. Today we will not go into the microscopic world, we will know the smaller nanoscopic world. Nanoscopic are billions of times smaller than the objects we work with microscopically. And this is nanotechnology. Nanotechnology means a technology that has been developed on a nanoscale and which we can use in real life.
This means knowing and generating many small objects. Small means a lot much smaller. Now if you want to know how small this nanoscale? To find out, we need to use an example. A piece of paper is about 75,000 nanometers thick. Human hair is 50,000 nanometers wide. Then nothing can be found to compare. So we have to think of another way to explain the matter.
But if nanometers are such a small thing, how can it change our lives?
If we want to know the matter, we have to think more deeply. We need to know how this universe where we live works. When we enter the nanoscale, we can imagine all the places in physics that are not possible with the naked eye. It is also said that nano size and nanotechnology can change the environment around us.
Everything on earth is made of atoms. The food we eat or the clothes we wear, the house we live in are even made up of our bodies and molecules. Do we wonder how a car works? Only its body and engine did not work. They have to work in the right place and in the right state. Only then can a car run. The objects around you are made of atoms, the way they are arranged, the way they are arranged determines how the object works. Using nanotechnology, we can learn how those atoms work. We can use those things as we wish. We build different types of houses using the same type of brick sand cement as Tick. It may seem simple in the beginning, but it is not so simple. An object becomes a property and changes when that object is reduced. This state is called the quantum effect.
If we make an object smaller, we can know its behavior. Therefore, using this quantum effect, we can know how it will work on a nanoscale. Scientists can extract this matter in nanoscale. In this way, it is possible to change the melting point of a substance. Such as fluorescence. Can even change electrical conductivity. If scientists can do these things then why don’t we see any effect in real life?
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Let me tell you – you probably use something every day that has been made possible by nanotechnology. Such as a clear nanoscale flip that is mounted on glass or any other face. So that they can be a water-resistant, scratch-resistant replica. Expensive cars, airplanes, and even spacecraft have to be made with high duet materials. Nanotechnology plays a very important role here. Our computer’s memory and processor are getting smaller day by day but the performance is much faster than before. We are making smartphones smarter.
Can you imagine that the energy that will be created while we walk can be used to charge our phones using nanotechnology? In the same way, we can use small chips to cure certain cancers or other complex diseases. With the help of which we can make the treatment more effective and efficient. Because it takes less amount of medicine and fewer side effects.
The laptop or personal computer you use now can be packed in a bag. It’s no different to us. But the computer that was used decades ago looked like a house a few million times bigger. Whose performance was also a few times slower than the current computer. People at that time did not think that it was possible to carry a computer in the middle of a bag. This has been made possible by making the microprocessor much smaller. The transistors that make up these microprocessors have become so small in just a few years that you can’t even imagine. The size of the transistor that was used in 2000 was 250 nanometers but the size of the transistor that I am using in 2020 is only 1 nanometer.
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In a few years, you will be able to see the mobile screens as you wish. These will be able to show you everything on plastic. You can use the rest of the phone screen in the same way you can make plastic paper smaller. Semiconductor nano-membrane is used to make these. The size of the mono crystallized Stroxer is about 100 nanometers thick.
We can also use nanotechnology to solve the world’s growing problems. We can reduce the rate of carbon emissions in the atmosphere and that will protect the earth from high temperatures. Nanotechnology plays an important role in the manufacture of solar panels. Maybe we are not far from the day when the colors of the house will act as solar panels and you will no longer have to pull the electricity from the line through the outside. You will get several lakh times more power supply from the current solar panel. Scientists are working on this. They have also been able to create nanocrystal liquid products like solar panels that can be used later with color. This color can be applied to the walls of the house to generate electricity. Then the question may arise in our minds, then why we do not see these in reality? This is because the metal used to make this liquid is cadmium. Which is a toxin or toxic substance. Which no government of any country will allow its use. Scientists are trying to use it with a material that does not have any harmful side effects. Maybe very soon with the help of nanotechnology they will be able to create a color that will act as a solar panel and give you an unlimited power supply. But where do you store so much electricity? For this, scientists are thinking of using nanotechnology to make a brick that will act as a battery for you. The battery is not like a supercapacitor. This will hold all the electricity you produce. You can use it whenever you want.